Of trees and shrubs over thirty-five were found to occur including most of the well-known species. The most common large tree was the ash with many fine specimens, but only a few oak, beech and outstanding horse chestnuts. Many of the hedgerows are composed of hawthorn, but a great variety of shrubs can be seen in the older hedgerows, some of which are estimated to be at least 400 years old. Although the surveys identified the occurrence of 185 species of flowering plants, many are only in small numbers and do not occur annually. In the spring the verges are prolific with cow parsley and red campion, white dead-nettle and lady’s smock are also quite common. Early in the year the hedges are white with blackthorn flowers, and later, wild roses, dogwood and the wayfaring-tree are in flower adding to the colours. Other plants of interest included bugle, dog’s mercury, meadowsweet, sneezewort, fox-and-cubs, wild angelica, black medic, marsh marigold, woolly thistle and wood anemone.
Langham in Rutland ©